Abilene Aggregate Network Statistics


The following statistics are taken from the 24 hour period
prior to 7PM on 2006-11-26

#------------------------------#
# Aggregate Network Statistics #
#------------------------------#

Total amount of data sent across the Abilene network.

     Avg Mbps  % Utilization    Number of GBytes xferred
     --------  -------------    ------------------------
In    19151.7     2.201              201990
Out   18815.7     2.162              198447

#--------------------#
# Inbound Statistics #
#--------------------#

List of inbound traffic toward Abilene, separated by source network
and sorted from most active to least active.

    Mbps   %Util Xferred Gb  Network
   ------  ----- ----------  -------
 1 1251.1   13.1    13194.9  Backbone circuit to Denver (OC-192)
 2 1215.3   12.7    12817.2  Backbone circuit to Kansas City (OC-192)
 3 1103.8   11.6    11641.4  Backbone circuit to Indianapolis (OC-192)
 4 1070.4   11.2    11288.9  Backbone circuit to Chicago (OC-192)
 5 1039.5   10.9    10963.1  Backbone circuit to Kansas City (OC-192)
 6 1035.0   10.9    10915.8  Backbone circuit to Indianapolis (OC-192)
 7  953.1   10.0    10052.6  Backbone circuit to New York (OC-192)
 8  903.5    9.5     9529.5  Backbone circuit to Washington (OC-192)
 9  871.5    9.1     9191.1  Backbone circuit to Chicago (OC-192)
10  668.5    7.0     7051.1  Backbone circuit to Sunnyvale (OC-192)
11  616.5   26.0     6502.6  MAX (via MAX) (OC-48)
12  552.9    5.8     5830.9  Backbone circuit to Denver (OC-192)
13  511.4    5.4     5393.8  Backbone circuit to Los Angeles (OC-192)
14  448.7    4.7     4732.7  Backbone circuit to Washington D.C. (OC-192)
15  407.8    4.3     4300.7  Backbone circuit to New York City  (OC-192)
16  397.5    4.2     4192.1  Backbone circuit to Seattle (OC-192)
17  376.3    3.9     3968.4  Backbone circuit to Sunnyvale (OC-192)
18  353.7    3.7     3730.0  Backbone circuit to Atlanta (OC-192)
19  308.3    3.2     3251.2  Backbone circuit to Houston (OC-192)
20  299.8    3.1     3161.8  Backbone circuit to Atlanta (OC-192)
21  289.2    3.0     3049.7  Backbone circuit to Denver (OC-192)
22  279.7    2.9     2949.7  Calren (10GIGE)
23  267.2    2.8     2818.4  Backbone circuit to Los Angeles (OC-192)
24  264.9    2.8     2794.0  Backbone circuit to Houston (OC-192)
25  244.4   10.3     2577.3  NCNI/MCNC (OC-48)
26  233.8    2.5     2465.9  Pacific Wave Exchange Point Aggregate (10GIGE)
27  223.2    2.3     2354.5  Backbone circuit to Indianapolis (OC-192)
28  216.1    2.3     2279.7  UMD NGIX Aggregate (10GIGE)
29  202.2    2.1     2132.9  Backbone circuit to Atlanta (OC-192)
30  188.4    2.0     1986.9  MREN (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
31  176.9    7.5     1865.6  Northern Crossroads (NOX) (OC-48)
32  172.8    1.8     1822.3  Pacific Wave Los Angeles Aggregate (10GIGE)
33  166.2    1.7     1753.3  Backbone circuit to Kansas City (OC-192)
34  162.1    1.7     1709.8  Pacific Wave Los Angeles Jumbo Peering VLAN (10GIGE)
35  147.0    1.5     1550.8  Backbone circuit to Houston (OC-192)
36  145.8    1.5     1538.0  GEANT New York (via MANLAN) (10GIGE)
37  131.7    1.4     1388.5  Pacific Wave Exchange Point (1500 byte) (10GIGE)
38  110.7   18.7     1167.9  Front Range Gigapop (OC-12)
39   85.4    3.6      901.1  MAGPI (OC-48)
40   69.0    7.2      727.5  Indiana Gigapop (GIGE)
41   68.9    7.2      727.0  Pacific Northwest Gigapop (GIGE)
42   61.0   10.3      643.4  Oregon Gigapop (OC-12)
43   59.7    0.6      629.4  Pacific Wave Exchange Point (Jumbo-Enabled) (10GIGE)
44   59.6    0.6      628.1  Backbone circuit to Sunnyvale (OC-192)
45   56.1    5.9      592.1  University of Texas-Austin  (GIGE)
46   55.3    2.3      583.1  ESNET (OC-48)
47   44.8    0.5      472.5  Backbone circuit to Seattle (OC-192)
48   40.9    6.9      431.7  NYSERnet-Buffalo (OC-12)
49   40.8    0.4      430.8  Equinix Chicago (10GIGE)
50   37.6    1.6      396.8  OARNET (OC-48)
51   36.7    0.4      387.1  ASNet (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
52   30.9    0.3      325.9  CERN (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
53   27.7    4.7      292.1  Great Plains Network (GPN) (OC-12)
54   25.7    0.3      271.3  Southern Crossroads (SOX) Gigapop via SOX (10GIGE)
55   25.0    0.3      263.5  KREONet2 (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509)  (10GIGE)
56   24.8    0.3      261.5  South Florida Gigapop/AMPATH via SOX (10GIGE)
57   22.8    2.4      240.8  NYSERNet-New York (GigE) (GIGE)
58   19.8    3.3      208.5  MERIT (OC-12)
59   19.3    0.2      203.5  NISN (vlan via UMD NGIX) (10GIGE)
60   18.6    0.8      196.7  Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center (PSC) (OC-48)
61   15.7    0.2      165.8  Florida LambdaRail (FLR) via SOX (10GIGE)
62   14.2    0.1      149.8  CA*net3 Montreal (via MANLAN) (10GIGE)
63   13.7    2.3      144.1  Northern Lights Gigapop/ University of Minnesota (OC-12)
64   12.6    2.1      133.0  Onenet (OC-12)
65   12.2    0.1      128.7  Tanet2 (vlan via STARLIGHT Force10) (10GIGE)
66   11.2    7.5      117.7  Iowa State (OC-3)
67   11.0    0.1      116.2  6TAP (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
68    9.8    0.4      103.6  ESNET (OC-48)
69    9.2    0.4       97.5  CHECS-NET (NM Aggregate) (OC-48)
70    8.8    0.1       93.1  Ultralight via PacWave (10GIGE)
71    8.1    0.8       85.3  NGIX-West (VLAN via ESNET/I2 M5) (GIGE)
72    7.6    0.1       80.3  HARnet (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
73    7.3    0.1       76.8  CANET-Toronto (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
74    7.2    1.2       76.1  Intermountain Gigapop (Utah) (OC-12)
75    6.6    0.1       69.9  APAN via JGN2 HitachiC (VLAN via STARLIGHT Force10)  (10GIGE)
76    6.5    0.1       68.8  Qatar (via MANLAN)  (10GIGE)
77    6.5    4.4       68.6  Drexel University (OC-3)
78    4.6    0.8       48.7  WiscREN (OC-12)
79    4.4    2.9       46.0  Tulane University (OC-3)
80    3.9    0.0       40.6  SINET (VLAN via Starlight Force10) (10GIGE)
81    3.7    0.2       39.4  ESnet (OC-48)
82    3.3    0.0       34.6  Ultralight  (VLAN via Starlight Force10) (10GIGE)
83    3.3    0.0       34.5  GLORIAD (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
84    3.1    0.0       32.7  ESNet (via MANLAN) (10GIGE)
85    2.9    0.3       30.8  Backbone circuit to Atlanta M5 (GIGE)
86    2.9    0.0       30.6  CANET-Winnipeg (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
87    1.9    0.0       20.2  SINET (via MANLAN)  (10GIGE)
88    1.8    1.2       19.3  Southern Mississippi (PVC via Mississippi State Gigapop) (OC-3)
89    1.6    0.0       17.2  DREN (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
90    1.3    0.0       13.7  USGS (vlan via UMD NGIX) (10GIGE)
91    1.3    0.9       13.4  Texas Tech (OC-3)
92    1.2    0.8       12.8  University of Louisville (OC-3)
93    1.1    0.0       11.9  DREN (vlan via UMD NGIX) (10GIGE)
94    0.8    0.6        8.9  University of Memphis (OC-3)
95    0.7    0.5        7.1  Mississippi State (PVC via Mississippi State Gigapop) (OC-3)
96    0.6    0.1        6.6  MIX (1500 byte) (VLAN via ESNET/I2 M5 ) (GIGE)
97    0.4    0.0        4.6  SINET (VLAN via Pacific Wave Los Angeles) (10GIGE)
98    0.4    0.3        4.2  University of Mississippi (PVC via Mississippi Gigapop) (OC-3)
99    0.3    0.0        2.7  PAIX IPv4 Multicast (VLAN via ESNET/I2 M5 ) (GIGE)
100    0.1    0.0        1.2  PAIX IPv6 (VLAN via ESNET/I2 M5 ) (GIGE)
101    0.1    0.1        0.8  Florida A&M (PVC via HSTN LS-1010) (OC-3)
102    0.1    0.0        0.7  Abilene IPv6 Tunnel Router (OC-3)
103    0.1    0.0        0.5  Portland State IPv6 (OC-3)
104    0.0    0.0        0.3  Jackson State (PVC via Mississippi State Gigapop) (OC-3)
105    0.0    0.0        0.2  CUDI (GRE tunnel via UT-Austin) (OC-3)
106    0.0    0.0        0.1  HOPI Chicago Aggregate (10GIGE)
107    0.0    0.0        0.1  STARLIGHT (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
108    0.0    0.0        0.1  MIX (9000 byte) (VLAN via ESNET/I2 M5 ) (GIGE)
109    0.0    0.0        0.1  France Telecom - Multicast Only (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509)  (10GIGE)
110    0.0    0.0        0.1  SINet IPv6  (OC-3)
111    0.0    0.0        0.1  DREN IPv6 only (vlan via UMD NGIX) (10GIGE)
112    0.0    0.0        0.1  CA*net3 Toronto (via MANLAN)  (10GIGE)
113    0.0    0.0        0.1  NREN (VLAN via UMD NGIX) (10GIGE)
114    0.0    0.0        0.1  CENIC Los Angeles (via Pacific Wave) (10GIGE)
115    0.0    0.0        0.0  DARPA BoSSNET (Boston South Network) (OC-48)
116    0.0    0.0        0.0  NISN (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
117    0.0    0.0        0.0  MAX (vlan via UMD NGIX) (10GIGE)
118    0.0    0.0        0.0  Uninet (OC-3)
119    0.0    0.0        0.0  HOPI Seattle Aggregate (10GIGE)
120    0.0    0.0        0.0  HOPI Washington DC Aggregate (10GIGE)
121    0.0    0.0        0.0  DREN (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
122    0.0    0.0        0.0  MAE West (VLAN via ESNET/I2 M5) (GIGE)
123    0.0    0.0        0.0  North Texas Gigapop (OC-12)
124    0.0    0.0        0.0  Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (vlan via UMD NGIX) (10GIGE)
125    0.0    0.0        0.0  CERN temporary demo - v6 (VLAN via STARLIGHT Force10) (10GIGE)
126    0.0    0.0        0.0  SINET  (OC-48)
127    0.0    0.0        0.0  OARNet IPv6  (OC-3)
128    0.0    0.0        0.0  MCIT/ENERGI-Egypt (via MANLAN)  (GIGE)
129    0.0    0.0        0.0  DTF (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
130    0.0    0.0        0.0  Singaren IPv6 (OC-3)
131    0.0    0.0        0.0  HOPI Los Angeles Aggregate (10GIGE)
132    0.0    0.0        0.0  CERN temporary Demo - v4 (VLAN via STARLIGHT Force10) (10GIGE)
133    0.0    0.0        0.0  CLARA (Tunnel via Calren) (GIGE)


#---------------------#
# Outbound Statistics #
#---------------------#

List of outbound traffic from Abilene, separated by destination network
and sorted from most active to least active.

    Mbps   %Util Xferred Gb  Network
   ------  ----- ----------  -------
 1 1251.2   13.1    13195.8  Backbone circuit to Kansas City (OC-192)
 2 1215.2   12.7    12817.0  Backbone circuit to Indianapolis (OC-192)
 3 1103.8   11.6    11641.8  Backbone circuit to Kansas City (OC-192)
 4 1070.3   11.2    11288.7  Backbone circuit to Indianapolis (OC-192)
 5 1039.3   10.9    10961.4  Backbone circuit to Denver (OC-192)
 6 1034.9   10.9    10914.7  Backbone circuit to Chicago (OC-192)
 7  953.2   10.0    10053.0  Backbone circuit to Chicago (OC-192)
 8  903.6    9.5     9529.7  Backbone circuit to New York City  (OC-192)
 9  871.3    9.1     9190.0  Backbone circuit to New York (OC-192)
10  668.6    7.0     7051.2  Backbone circuit to Denver (OC-192)
11  552.8    5.8     5830.5  Backbone circuit to Sunnyvale (OC-192)
12  511.5    5.4     5394.4  Backbone circuit to Sunnyvale (OC-192)
13  448.6    4.7     4731.0  Backbone circuit to Atlanta (OC-192)
14  407.7    4.3     4300.5  Backbone circuit to Washington (OC-192)
15  397.5    4.2     4192.3  Backbone circuit to Denver (OC-192)
16  378.0    4.0     3987.0  GEANT New York (via MANLAN) (10GIGE)
17  376.2    3.9     3968.2  Backbone circuit to Los Angeles (OC-192)
18  353.6    3.7     3729.9  Backbone circuit to Houston (OC-192)
19  308.3    3.2     3251.3  Backbone circuit to Atlanta (OC-192)
20  299.8    3.1     3161.8  Backbone circuit to Washington D.C. (OC-192)
21  289.2    3.0     3049.8  Backbone circuit to Seattle (OC-192)
22  267.2    2.8     2818.6  Backbone circuit to Houston (OC-192)
23  264.9    2.8     2793.9  Backbone circuit to Los Angeles (OC-192)
24  248.3   10.5     2618.9  Northern Crossroads (NOX) (OC-48)
25  223.2    2.3     2354.4  Backbone circuit to Atlanta (OC-192)
26  212.7    9.0     2242.9  MAX (via MAX) (OC-48)
27  202.3    2.1     2133.2  Backbone circuit to Indianapolis (OC-192)
28  188.1    2.0     1983.7  Calren (10GIGE)
29  170.1    1.8     1793.9  MREN (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
30  166.2    1.7     1753.2  Backbone circuit to Houston (OC-192)
31  158.8    1.7     1675.0  UMD NGIX Aggregate (10GIGE)
32  147.0    1.5     1550.8  Backbone circuit to Kansas City (OC-192)
33  118.8    1.2     1252.7  Pacific Wave Los Angeles Aggregate (10GIGE)
34  115.2    1.2     1214.5  Pacific Wave Exchange Point Aggregate (10GIGE)
35  110.8   11.6     1169.0  Indiana Gigapop (GIGE)
36  104.8    4.4     1105.4  MAGPI (OC-48)
37  102.0   17.2     1075.7  Front Range Gigapop (OC-12)
38   96.0    1.0     1012.9  South Florida Gigapop/AMPATH via SOX (10GIGE)
39   94.2    1.0      993.1  Pacific Wave Los Angeles Jumbo Peering VLAN (10GIGE)
40   93.4    1.0      985.1  Pacific Wave Exchange Point (1500 byte) (10GIGE)
41   71.5   12.1      754.5  Oregon Gigapop (OC-12)
42   71.0    3.0      748.8  NCNI/MCNC (OC-48)
43   61.5    2.6      648.6  OARNET (OC-48)
44   60.9   10.3      642.4  MERIT (OC-12)
45   59.6    0.6      628.1  Backbone circuit to Seattle (OC-192)
46   58.2    9.8      613.9  NYSERnet-Buffalo (OC-12)
47   57.5    9.7      606.4  Great Plains Network (GPN) (OC-12)
48   55.3    9.3      583.6  Onenet (OC-12)
49   54.9    5.8      578.7  University of Texas-Austin  (GIGE)
50   53.6    0.6      565.4  Florida LambdaRail (FLR) via SOX (10GIGE)
51   46.3    7.8      488.1  Northern Lights Gigapop/ University of Minnesota (OC-12)
52   46.2    4.8      487.5  NYSERNet-New York (GigE) (GIGE)
53   44.8    0.5      472.5  Backbone circuit to Sunnyvale (OC-192)
54   43.3    0.5      456.4  STARLIGHT (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
55   42.6    0.4      449.4  Southern Crossroads (SOX) Gigapop via SOX (10GIGE)
56   40.8    0.4      430.2  SINET (via MANLAN)  (10GIGE)
57   34.3    0.4      361.8  CA*net3 Montreal (via MANLAN) (10GIGE)
58   31.9    3.3      336.9  Pacific Northwest Gigapop (GIGE)
59   31.4    1.3      330.7  Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center (PSC) (OC-48)
60   28.0    0.3      295.7  Equinix Chicago (10GIGE)
61   27.7    4.7      292.7  Intermountain Gigapop (Utah) (OC-12)
62   23.9    1.0      251.9  ESNET (OC-48)
63   18.5    0.2      195.2  Pacific Wave Exchange Point (Jumbo-Enabled) (10GIGE)
64   18.4    0.2      194.0  CANET-Toronto (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
65   16.4    0.2      172.6  HARnet (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
66   15.0    0.2      158.5  KREONet2 (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509)  (10GIGE)
67   13.9    9.4      146.5  Iowa State (OC-3)
68   13.1    0.1      138.3  Ultralight via PacWave (10GIGE)
69   12.2    0.5      128.7  CHECS-NET (NM Aggregate) (OC-48)
70   11.1    0.5      117.0  ESnet (OC-48)
71   10.4    0.1      110.2  CANET-Winnipeg (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
72   10.4    0.1      110.1  ESNet (via MANLAN) (10GIGE)
73    9.4    6.4       99.5  Drexel University (OC-3)
74    9.2    1.6       97.0  WiscREN (OC-12)
75    8.7    5.9       91.5  University of Memphis (OC-3)
76    8.5    0.1       89.7  ASNet (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
77    8.2    0.1       86.0  Ultralight  (VLAN via Starlight Force10) (10GIGE)
78    7.0    0.1       73.7  APAN via JGN2 HitachiC (VLAN via STARLIGHT Force10)  (10GIGE)
79    6.0    0.6       63.8  MIX (1500 byte) (VLAN via ESNET/I2 M5 ) (GIGE)
80    6.0    0.1       62.8  CERN (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
81    5.3    0.6       55.8  NGIX-West (VLAN via ESNET/I2 M5) (GIGE)
82    5.2    3.5       55.1  Texas Tech (OC-3)
83    5.2    0.1       54.6  NISN (vlan via UMD NGIX) (10GIGE)
84    5.0    0.1       53.1  SINET (VLAN via Starlight Force10) (10GIGE)
85    4.9    3.3       51.8  Tulane University (OC-3)
86    3.8    0.4       40.0  Backbone circuit to Atlanta M5 (GIGE)
87    3.5    0.0       37.0  Tanet2 (vlan via STARLIGHT Force10) (10GIGE)
88    3.3    0.0       34.7  DREN (vlan via UMD NGIX) (10GIGE)
89    2.1    1.4       22.4  University of Louisville (OC-3)
90    2.0    0.0       21.0  GLORIAD (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
91    1.7    1.2       18.1  CUDI (GRE tunnel via UT-Austin) (OC-3)
92    1.6    1.1       17.1  Mississippi State (PVC via Mississippi State Gigapop) (OC-3)
93    1.1    0.8       12.0  University of Mississippi (PVC via Mississippi Gigapop) (OC-3)
94    1.1    0.7       11.5  Southern Mississippi (PVC via Mississippi State Gigapop) (OC-3)
95    0.9    0.0        9.4  ESNET (OC-48)
96    0.8    0.0        8.1  Qatar (via MANLAN)  (10GIGE)
97    0.5    0.0        5.1  DREN (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
98    0.3    0.0        2.7  PAIX IPv6 (VLAN via ESNET/I2 M5 ) (GIGE)
99    0.3    0.0        2.7  SINET (VLAN via Pacific Wave Los Angeles) (10GIGE)
100    0.2    0.0        2.3  USGS (vlan via UMD NGIX) (10GIGE)
101    0.2    0.1        2.0  Florida A&M (PVC via HSTN LS-1010) (OC-3)
102    0.1    0.0        0.8  NREN (VLAN via UMD NGIX) (10GIGE)
103    0.1    0.1        0.8  Jackson State (PVC via Mississippi State Gigapop) (OC-3)
104    0.1    0.0        0.7  PAIX IPv4 Multicast (VLAN via ESNET/I2 M5 ) (GIGE)
105    0.1    0.0        0.7  Abilene IPv6 Tunnel Router (OC-3)
106    0.0    0.0        0.2  France Telecom - Multicast Only (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509)  (10GIGE)
107    0.0    0.0        0.2  Uninet (OC-3)
108    0.0    0.0        0.2  HOPI Chicago Aggregate (10GIGE)
109    0.0    0.0        0.1  CA*net3 Toronto (via MANLAN)  (10GIGE)
110    0.0    0.0        0.1  DARPA BoSSNET (Boston South Network) (OC-48)
111    0.0    0.0        0.1  CENIC Los Angeles (via Pacific Wave) (10GIGE)
112    0.0    0.0        0.1  MIX (9000 byte) (VLAN via ESNET/I2 M5 ) (GIGE)
113    0.0    0.0        0.1  NISN (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
114    0.0    0.0        0.1  DREN IPv6 only (vlan via UMD NGIX) (10GIGE)
115    0.0    0.0        0.0  Portland State IPv6 (OC-3)
116    0.0    0.0        0.0  6TAP (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
117    0.0    0.0        0.0  SINet IPv6  (OC-3)
118    0.0    0.0        0.0  HOPI Washington DC Aggregate (10GIGE)
119    0.0    0.0        0.0  DREN (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
120    0.0    0.0        0.0  MAX (vlan via UMD NGIX) (10GIGE)
121    0.0    0.0        0.0  Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (vlan via UMD NGIX) (10GIGE)
122    0.0    0.0        0.0  North Texas Gigapop (OC-12)
123    0.0    0.0        0.0  MCIT/ENERGI-Egypt (via MANLAN)  (GIGE)
124    0.0    0.0        0.0  Singaren IPv6 (OC-3)
125    0.0    0.0        0.0  CERN temporary demo - v6 (VLAN via STARLIGHT Force10) (10GIGE)
126    0.0    0.0        0.0  SINET  (OC-48)
127    0.0    0.0        0.0  HOPI Seattle Aggregate (10GIGE)
128    0.0    0.0        0.0  OARNet IPv6  (OC-3)
129    0.0    0.0        0.0  DTF (VLAN via STARLIGHT 6509) (10GIGE)
130    0.0    0.0        0.0  MAE West (VLAN via ESNET/I2 M5) (GIGE)
131    0.0    0.0        0.0  HOPI Los Angeles Aggregate (10GIGE)
132    0.0    0.0        0.0  CERN temporary Demo - v4 (VLAN via STARLIGHT Force10) (10GIGE)
133    0.0    0.0        0.0  CLARA (Tunnel via Calren) (GIGE)